Sunset Chiropractic & Wellness Research Review: The relationship of hip loading asymmetry and radiological parameters of the spine in Lenke type 1 idiopathic scoliosis

The relationship of hip loading asymmetry and radiological parameters of the spine in Lenke type 1 idiopathic scoliosis - The relationship of hip loading asymmetry and radiological parameters of the spine in Lenke type 1 idiopathic scoliosis

Sunset Chiropractic & Wellness Research Review: The relationship of hip loading asymmetry and radiological parameters of the spine in Lenke type 1 idiopathic scoliosis

Sunset Chiropractic & Wellness Research Review: The relationship of hip loading asymmetry and radiological parameters of the spine in Lenke type 1 idiopathic scoliosis

https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/35338978/

“Two-thirds of subjects with Lenke type 1 deformity showed asymmetrical hip loading. This asymmetry is related to the translation of the apical thoracic vertebra and coronal imbalance and is not related to the magnitude of the main thoracic curve. On the contrary, the secondary lumbar curve plays a role in the compensatory mechanism of the trunk.”

Background: Idiopathic scoliosis does not only cause structural changes in the spine, but also functional changes of the musculoskeletal system.

Research question: Does idiopathic scoliosis lead to asymmetric hip loading in severe Lenke type 1 deformity?

The relationship of hip loading asymmetry and radiological parameters of the spine in Lenke type 1 idiopathic scoliosis – The relationship of hip loading asymmetry and radiological parameters of the spine in Lenke type 1 idiopathic scoliosis

Methods: 23 patients (18 girls, 5 boys) aged 15 ± 2.8 years with an adolescent idiopathic main thoracic curve (Cobb angle 48.8°+/- 9.2°) were included. Measured X-ray parameters were: Cobb angle of primary thoracic and secondary lumbar curve, translation of the C7- plumb line, apical thoracic vertebra and apical lumbar vertebra from the central sacral vertical line. Subjects were examined by means of kinematic and kinetic gait analysis. The symmetry index (SI) was calculated as a ratio of hip frontal moments during a single stance for both sides when the symmetrical load was considered SI = 0 + /- 29.36 (0 +/- 1 SD of the mean SI of the healthy population). The Pearson correlation coefficient was used to show the relation between hip loading and radiologic measures of spinal deformity.

Results: Only 34.8% of subjects with Lenke type 1 deformity showed symmetrical hip loading. Significant negative correlation was proved between SI and apical thoracic vertebra translation (R = – 0541; p < 0,05) as well as between SI and coronal imbalance (R = -0,5197; p < 0,05). There was no correlation between SI and the magnitude of the primary thoracic curve (R = -0.19; p = 0.385). Coronal imbalance correlates positively with translation of apical thoracic vertebra (R = 0,7255; p < 0,05).

Significance: Two-thirds of subjects with Lenke type 1 deformity showed asymmetrical hip loading. This asymmetry is related to the translation of the apical thoracic vertebra and coronal imbalance and is not related to the magnitude of the main thoracic curve. On the contrary, the secondary lumbar curve plays role in the compensatory mechanism of the trunk.

At Sunset Chiropractic & Wellness nonsurgical drugless spinal and extremity treatments are selected and designed from a compressive consultation, health history, physical examination (orthopedic/neurological testing), digital posture analysis, weight bearing sitting x-rays using 41 measurements and 23 angles analyzing and comparing the spine to a mathematical model. In specific cases additional diagnostics could be ordered (Digital Motion X-rays/CTs/MRIs) to obtain or confirm a diagnosis.

The relationship of hip loading asymmetry and radiological parameters of the spine in Lenke type 1 idiopathic scoliosis - The relationship of hip loading asymmetry and radiological parameters of the spine in Lenke type 1 idiopathic scoliosis

The relationship of hip loading asymmetry and radiological parameters of the spine in Lenke type 1 idiopathic scoliosis – The relationship of hip loading asymmetry and radiological parameters of the spine in Lenke type 1 idiopathic scoliosis

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Dr. Mark N. Berry, D.C.
Sunset Chiropractic and Wellness
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